Gümüşkaya (Palaş) Caves
Located at 40 kilometres south-west of Adıyaman, at the west of Göksu river and the village (named by the river). There are various caves on the rocks connected to each other with tunnels. They were known to be used as a residence and thought to be built in 150 B.C. These caves had balconies, divisional rooms, wells, yet the entrances are of one person width.
Ulu Mosque, Çarşı Mosque, Kab Mosque, Musalla Mosque, St. Paul Church are the most important ones.
Çelikhan Thermal Resorts: It is located in 23 km southwest of Çelikhan district. The water of the spring is beneficial for those suffering from stomach, liver, gall bladder, and kidney disorders and obesity.
Besni Thermal Resorts: It is located in 6 kilometres north-east of Besni district. This spring water is useful for kidney disorders, chronic constipation, guts and stomach inflammation.
Kotur Thermal Resorts: It is 25 kilometres to Adıyaman. It is a cold water, mineral spring located 5 kilometres from Akçalı village. This spring water is useful for some guts and stomach disorders.
Adıyaman - NemrutDağıNational Park
Location: Nemrut Dagi National Park lies between Kahta (9km) and Adiyaman (43km).
Transport: The park can be reached by the road connecting the centre of Adiyaman to Kahta.
Highlights: Most famous site of all, and one of the best-known images of Turkey, are the huge sculptures of gods on the mountain. In addition, it is also the site of tumulus of Antioch, Arsameia (Eskikale), Yenikale (New Castle), Karakus Tepe (Peak), and Cemdere Bridge. In the ancient city of Commagene, King Mithridates I established an independent kingdom, which gained importance during the reign of King Antioch (62 32 BC), the son of Mithridates. In 72 AD, the Commageneians lost the war against the Roman Empire, after which they also lost their independence.
The ruins on top of Nemrut Dagi indicate that it was not a residence, but specifically built for the tumulus of Antioch and his sacred space. The tumulus is at an altitude of 2150m and overlooks the River Firat and the neighbouring plains. It is thought that the kings bones or ashes were put inside the room carved into the main rock, then covered by the tumulus which is 50m high and 150m in diameter. The courtyards are shaped like terraces, and religious ceremonies were held on the western side.
On both terraces, the huge sculptures of the gods, measuring up to 7m high, are positioned between the lion and eagle sculptures. These are surrounded by great stone blocks, arranged perpendicularly with inscriptions and embossed designs. The capital city of Commagene, Arsameia, is in the neighbourhood of the old Kahta village. The holy field of Mithridates is also in that area.
Yenikale is also of great historic interest, and in the area of old Kahta. This castle was built on very steep rocks, and has water depots, baths, mosque, and a hidden water road that leads to river Kahta.
Cendere Bridge, built with one arch on two rocks, crosses the narrowest point of the river Cendere. According to the epitaph written on the columns of the bridge, the Commagene cities had built it in honour of Roman Emperor Septimus Severus (193-211 AD) and his wife and sons. Karakus Peak Tumulus, in which the women of the royal family were buried, is a 21m tall tumulus 10km south-west of Arsameia.
Bears, wolves, jackals, foxes and badgers inhabit the nearby forest.
Facilities: Food and accommodation is available in the national park, with hotels in Nemrut Dagi and pensions in Karadut and Kahta.
ATATURK DAM and GAP
Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), is a multi sectoral and complex regional development programme of Southeastern Anatolia Region consisting 9 cities (Adıyaman, Batman, Diyarbakır, Gaziantep, Kilis, Mardin, Siirt, Şanlıurfa and Şırnak). At the beginning the aim of the project covers only the improvement of water and soil resources, but in 1989 after the preparation of GAP Master Plan; the project evolved to a multi sectoral and complex regional development plan. The most important step of the project is the Atatürk Dam which is known to be the biggest dam of Türkiye and 8th biggest Dam of the world. With Atatürk Dam, which is located in the borders of Adıyaman and ŞanlıUrfa, soil resurrects from years of drought and the economy of the region developed rapidly.
On the other hand, Dam Lake which is called as "sea" by the local people, gives a great variety to the touristic capacity of the region. Fishing and water sports are now available in lake life.
Adıyaman Musuem it takes place on Atatürk Boulevard. In Archaeological ruins section, exhibitions begining from Paleothic Age include hand axes of flintstone, drilling and digging equipment, obsidian arrow heads, cooked clay figures. Also ceramics, glass furnitures, bone tools, gold, silver and bronze ornaments, figures, stamp and cylinder seal exhibits dated to various times; Calcolithic Age, Begining, Middle And Late Bronze Ages, Iron Age, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman Periods. Moreover there are stone reliefs from Late Hittite Period, some coins and mosaic samples pertaining to Commagene Kingdom.
In Ethnographic Works section, are examples of weaved objects rugs, carpets, cicim, rug - pillow, women and men clothes, silver ornaments, house furniture all collected from Adıyaman region. Some stone works of museum were displayed at inner garden.
Museum Tele: (+90-416) 216 29 29 Open hours to visit: 08.30-12.00 , 13.00-17.30
The climate of Adıyaman is terrestrial so summers are hot and dry, whereas winters are cold and snowy.
In Adıyaman; Hittites, Asurians, Hurris, Phyrigians, Persians, Macedonians, Commagenes, Romans and Byzantines had lived through history.The city was founded by an Emevi Commander Masur İbni Caneve in 8th Century. After Emevi's dominance came to an end Abbasi, Eyyübi, Seljuk, Mamluks and Ottomans took control of the city respectively. In 1923 it was a district dependent to Malatya, finally after 1954 it became a province.
Where to Eat
Raw meatballs, içli meatballs, basalla (sour meatballs), cılbır, lentil metballs, pestil (dried layer of fruit pulp), yapıştırma and hıtap are some of the famous meals of Adıyaman. There are restaurants in the city centre serving local meals. In Kahta district fish can be eaten on the shore of Dam Lake. Accomodatian Facilities and cafeterias on the highway to Mt Nemrut , give opportunity to eat and drink.
What to Buy
At the center of Adıyaman there is a historical market called as Oturakçı Bazaar that offers exquisite handcrafts such as rugs, carpets, cicim, saddlebag and some touristic equipment. Nemrut statues can be bought as a present in touristic kiosks in Mt Nemrut. Also in these kiosks guidebooks about the history of the region in various languages can be found.
Don't Leave Without
- Watching sunrise and sunset from Nemrut mountain,
- Seeing the remains of Commagene Civilisation ,
- Tasting fish in fish restaurants of Kahta at the shore of Atatürk Dam,
- Visiting Adıyaman Museum,
- Buying local hand woven carpets, rugs, cicim, saddle bag and offcourse Nemrut statues
Registered Immobile Cultural and Natural Heritages in Adıyaman
Archeological Sites: 80
Urban Sites: -
Natural Sites: 4
Historical Sites: -
Total: 84 Cultural (at Single Construction Scale) and Natural Heritages: 91
Governorship : (+90-416) 216 10 01
Municipality : (+90-416) 216 10 20
Hospital : (+90-416) 216 10 15
Police : (+90-416) 216 10 70
Gendarme : (+90-416) 216 1092
Provincial Directorate : (+90-416)216 10 08 - 216 38 40
Tourism Information Office : (+90-416) 216 51 31
Provincial Culture Directorate : (+90-416) 216 12 59 - 216 19 91 Fax: (416) 216 24 78
Adıyaman Museum Address:
Atatürk Cad. Adıyaman
Tel: (416) 216 29 29
Fax: (416) 216 98 98
Adıyaman Governorship http://www.adiyaman.gov.tr/valilik/valilik_giris.html