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Türkçe ve Yabancı Diller ve English Forum Forumunda Bursa ili ingilizce tanıtımı Konusunu Okuyorsunuz..
  1. Gizli @ yara
    Özel Üye

    Bursa ili ingilizce tanıtımı

    Bursa ili ingilizce tanıtımı

    Bursa (historically also known as Prussa, Greek: Προύσα, and later as Brusa) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the seat of Bursa Province. With a population of 1,562,828 (2007), it is Turkey's fourth largest city, as well as one of the most industrialized and culturally charged metropolitan centers in the country.

    The city is frequently cited as "Yeşil Bursa" (meaning "Green Bursa") in a reference to the beautiful parks and gardens located across its urban tissue, as well as to the vast forests in rich variety that extend in its surrounding region. The city is synonymous with the mountain Uludağ which towers behind the city core and which is also a famous ski resort. The mausoleums of early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period constitute the city's main landmarks. The surrounding fertile plain, its thermal baths, several interesting museums, notably a rich museum of archaeology, and a rather orderly urban growth are further principal elements that complete Bursa's overall picture.

    Karagöz and Hacivat shadow play characters were historic personalities who lived and are buried in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most famous Turkish dishes, especially candied chestnuts and İskender kebap. Its peaches are also well-renowned. Among its depending district centers, İznik, historic Nicaea, is especially notable for its long history and important edifices. Bursa is home to Uludağ University, and its population attains one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey. It has traditionally been a pole of attraction and of refuge for immigration into Turkey from the Balkans, in sizable waves at times until quite recently.


    The earliest known site at this location was Cius, which Philip V of Macedonia granted to the Bithynian king Prusias I in 202 BC, for his help against Pergamum and Heraclea Pontica (modern Karadeniz Ereğli). Prusias renamed the city after himself, as Prusa.

    It was later a major city, located on the westernmost end of the famous Silk Road, and was the capital of the Ottoman Empire following its capture from the shrinking Byzantine Empire in 1326. The capture of Edirne in 1365 brought that city to the fore as well, but Bursa remained an important administrative and commercial center even after it lost its status as the sole capital. Sortly after it was taken by the Ottomans they developed a school of theology at Bursa. This school attracted Muslim schoolars from throughout the Middle East and continued to function after the capital had been moved elsewhere.

    During the Ottoman rule, Bursa was the source of most royal silk products. Aside from the local production, it imported raw silk from Iran, and occasionally China, and was the 'factory' for the kaftans, pillows, embroidery and other silk products for the royal palaces up through the 17th century. Another traditional occupation is knife making and, historically, horse carriage building. Nowadays one can still find hand-made knives as well as other products in rich variety produced by artisans, but instead of carriages, there is a big automobile industry.

    Bursa sits on a geologic fault like most of Turkey. The city was partially leveled by strong earthquakes coupled with fires and was rebuilt after each time. The last devastating earthquake occurred in 1885.


    Bursa is the toe of Turkey's automobile industry. FIAT and Renault have for decades had important production units in Bursa. The textile and food industries are equally strong, and Coca Cola, Pepsi Cola, and other beverages brands, as well as fresh and canned food industries are present in the city's organized industrial zones.

    Traditionally, Bursa was famous for its fertile soil and agricultural activities, both of which are decreasing due to the heavy industrialization of the city.

    Bursa is also a major tourist center: One of the best ski resorts of Turkey is located at Uludağ just next to city proper. Its thermal baths have been used for therapeutical purposes since Roman times. Apart from baths operated by hotels, Uludağ University has a physical therapy center which also makes use of thermal water.


    Uludağ University is located in Bursa and is a prominent university in Turkey's Marmara Region. It was founded in 1975, first under the name Bursa Üniversity, then re-named Uludağ Üniversity in 1982. In the 2005-06 academic year, the university had a student body of 47,000.


    Bursa has a professional soccer team, Bursaspor, that plays in the Turkcell Super League. They are known as the "Yeşil Timsahlar" ("Green Alligators") and play their home matches at Bursa Atatürk stadium.

    The city of Bursa is preparing to apply for the 2018 Winter Olympics to be held in Uludağ.

    Sailing Sports on Catamarans are strong here with locally made boats including: NetCat 16, and

    Places of Interest

    A brief list of places of interest in and around Bursa is presented below. For a longer list, see Places of interest in Bursa.

    Irgandi covered bridge. See photo on "TrekEarth nadirfotograf"

    Yeşil Cami or the Green mosque

    Uludağ National Park

    Bursa city walls

    Hot springs;









    Güzelyalı beach, Mudanya

    Palace and Hipogeum

    Orhan Mosque and complex

    Muradiye complex

    Yeşil complex

    Bayezid I Mosque and complex (külliye)

    Emir Sultan Mosque and complex (külliye)

    Hüdavendigar complex

    Koca Sinan Paşa complex

    İshak Paşa complex

    Bursa Grand Mosque

    Karacabey Grand Mosque

    Yıldırım Bazaar


    Bursa Archeology Museum

    Bursa City Museum

    Bursa Atatürk Museum

    Bursa Turkish Architecture Museum

    Islamic Works Museum

    Mudanya Armistice

    İznik Museum

    Cumalıkızık village

    Ulu Camii (The Great Mosque)

    sağolUlu Camii is the major mosque of Bursa and a landmark of early Ottoman architecture. It was built by Ali Neccar in 1396-1399, at Sultan Bayezid I's command. The mosque is large and rectangular, with twenty domes arranged in four rows of five supported by twelve columns. Supposedly twenty domes are built instead of twenty separate mosques that Sultan Bayezid I promised for winning the Battle of Nicopolis. It has two minarets. Inside the mosque there are 192 monumental wall inscriptions written by famous calligraphers. There is also a fountain (şadırvan) inside the mosque where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the şadırvan is capped by a skylight, creating a soft, serene light below. The story of the şadırvan inside the mosque, which is unheard of, that the land belong to an old lady who objected to her store taken by padişah. Because consent is not given for the piece of land, prayer cannot be conducted on it thus a şadırvan is built. Architecturally şadırvan helps to have light inside the mosque that is big.

    The horizontally spacious and dimly lit interior is designed to feel peaceful and contemplative. The subdivisions of space formed by multiple domes and pillars create a sense of privacy and even intimacy. This atmosphere contrasts with later Ottoman mosques (see for example the work of Süleyman I's chief architect Sinan). These later mosques have increasingly elevated central domes, which create a vertical emphasis that is intended to be more overwhelming, in order to convey the power and majesty of the Ottoman Empire. It is a beautiful piece of architecture.

    Notable residents

    Adnan Şenses- singer

    Ata Demirer- comedian

    Behice Boran- the leader of the socialist Workers Party of Turkey

    Burcu Kara- actress, model

    Celal Bayar- former Turkish president

    Emre Aşık- international footballer

    Erdal Özyağcılar- actor

    Erkan Can- actor

    JönTürk- rap sanatçısı

    Hamit Şare- olympic skier

    Hande Ataizi- actress

    Halil Ergün- actor

    İlhan İrem- singer

    Barikat- rap grubu

    Manolis Andronikos (1919-1992) Greek archaeologist

    Muazzez İlmiye Çığ- archaeologist

    Müzeyyen Senar - singer, state artist of Turkey

    Nur Sürer- actress

    Olgun Şimşek- actor

    Özhan Canaydın- former basketball player, businessman and the current chairman of Galatasaray

    Pınar Kür- author

    Qādī Zāda al-Rūmī- astronomer and mathematician

    Sabiha Gökçen- the first Turkish female aviator and the first female combat pilot in the world

    Serdar Kurtuluş- international footballer

    Sporus of Nicaea- Greek mathematician and astronomer

    Suzan Avcı- actress

    Tarık Tarcan- actor

    Vildan Atasever- actress

    Yıldırım Gürses- actor, composer

    Zeki Müren- wellknown singer, "sun of art"

  2. Hayrunnisa
    Devamlı Üye

    bursa ile ilgili konu için teşekkurler güzel paylaşım

  3. Zarafet
    Green Madrasah located in Bursa city center, is also known by the name of Sultan Madrasah. Many famous scholars and madrassas that train with the Green Mosque was built between 1414-1424 by architect Haci Pasa is İvaz. Plan of the Anatolian Seljuk madrasas open courtyard is a continuation of view. An entrance iwan, the two sides and the main iwan iwan madrasa rooms occurring are 13 venues. Madrasa Translated from three sides of the courtyard in front of the rooms have porches.

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