Whereas in pre-industrial times, Uşak was already a major center of production and export, particularly of Ushak carpets. Ushak carpets are also called Holbein carpets in reference to the 16th century painter Hans Holbein the Younger who depicted them in minute detail in his paintings, reflecting their popularity in European markets. The level of international popularity attained by Uşak's carpets became such that the word "Ushak" is considered an English word of Turkic origin
Although Uşak's carpet patterns have evolved since then, large-scale weaving still continues and the name of the city still has an important presence in the market for carpets, both hand-woven and industrial. The depending district of Eşme, on the other hand, is famous for its kilims.
Among other depending district centers, Banaz is the largest and is notable for its varied agricultural production as well as for its forests, and Ulubey's canyon is a natural site and an important visitors attraction