Televizyonun Zararları İngilizce
Televizyonun zararlarıyla alakalı ingilizce yazı
Television has become nearly unavoidable and American society is more affected by television than they realize. According to Nielsen Media Research, the average TV household in the United States now owns two sets, which are watched just over 30 hours every week by the typical American adult (Mahler 12). American society is more affected by television than is realized. Television offers thin slices of the real word, becoming a version of reality that is created by numerous components from mechanical parts to people, making up the medium of television. Because what is heard and seen on TV is a lot like what is experienced in real life, its easily and unconsciously assumed that what is on television- the sex, the violence, the commercials, the cartoons- is real, true, or normal. Viewers must realize the difference inbetween the fiction of TV and the reality of their own lives.
The term couch potato has been coined for those who sit around and watch television all day. Rutgers researcher Robert Kubey is one of the many academics troubled by the trend of excessive television viewing. He and other researchers have identified something called the passive spillover effect among marathon viewers, in which individuals become noticeably more unassertive and less alert even after turning the set off. The theory is that those who view a lot of TV are in what amounts to an addictive state much of the time unable to think or concentrate clearly (Mahler 14). Kubey goes on to say that with prolonged viewing some people become less able- or less inclined- to engage in a complex analysis of what they watch. This raises the possibility that viewers may be less guarded against, and more susceptible to, certain kinds of persuasive messages the longer they view [television] (14). By watching TV for endless hours viewers become less choosy about the programming that they are going to feed into themselves. Television is no longer being used as a positive force at this point, but rather a substitute for other activities whether they be employment, chores, or taking responsibility in their own lives. These people are abusing TV by allowing themselves to escape their own lives for periods of time on end until something jars them back to reality. TV has been criticized for promoting such laziness, but the solution to this problem lies within the viewers themselves. The viewer must know when they need to carry on with their lives and get chores done, go to work, or go to school. Without self control and possessing self motivation, these people are not victims of the television, but victims of their own choices. Yes, television is providing them with an excuse as to why they didnt carry out their agenda, but television is unable to make decisions for the viewer. The viewer ultimately chooses their own path, and if excessive TV viewing is a part of it, then the viewer can only be blamed for their poor decision.
Perhaps one of the leading controversial subjects regarding television is its plethora of material regarding sex and violence. Programming such as soap operas and some prime time programming are devoted to sexual content. According to a study in The Journal of Communications in 1980, General Hospital, the most popular soap opera among adult women and teen-agers was also the sexiest, exhibiting an average of sixteen incidents of sexual behavior per hour, and during prime time, people engage in premarital and extramarital sex seven times more often than in normal marital relations (Cheney 51). People watching such hypothetical situations have to decide for themselves what is morally correct, but this age group should be limited to adults. Children and adolescents are hardly blocked out from sexual content on programs. While most children are watching TV after school, the raciest soap operas are still on the air. At night, when children and adolescents are watching their favorite sitcoms, prime time television is beginning its programming that is geared toward adults. Programming also containing extreme amounts of violence. The rationale behind these flaws in television is that TV is simply mirroring the realities of America and helping to express their concerns. Through TV, viewers are allowed to partake in worlds unlike their own. Most individuals do not deal with violence on a regular basis, and by watching a police officer battle it out with a robbery suspect, or watch a gang do a drive-by on their sets, they are allowed a small peep into an unfamiliar dimension. The adult viewer knows that these instances are fictional, and that no one really was hurt in the end, but a child watching the same type of program may not come to the same realization.
Numerous studies have been conducted on the effects of violence on adult and young viewers. Studies have shown that children watching a lot of violent programs are more likely to be aggressive during play, and will accept force as a solution to problems, and will fear becoming a victim of violence (Cheney 48). Most children that have been subjected to violent programming feel that it is acceptable to hit someone if there is justification. There have been incidents of viewers mirroring actions that they have seen on TV, regarding children and adults. Cartoons hold the most disguised forms of violence, and children see characters hurting others and laughing about it too. They see the characters in pain for a short moment before they immediately recover. How many times did Tom lose his fur or have the shape of his head distorted in his pursuit for Jerry, and how many times did he recover? 100 percent of the time. Young children arent apt to realize that humans wont go unscathed if they were in the same predicaments. Kyle Pruett M.D., states that Consistent exposure to television violence immunizes children against real violence, reduces empathy for the victims of violence in the real world, and makes it seem okay to intimidate, abuse, or victimize others (228).